# Difference between revisions of "Oscillator"

(Corrected discovery year for p54 shuttle) |
|||

Line 1: | Line 1: | ||

{{Glossary}} | {{Glossary}} | ||

− | An '''oscillator''' is a [[pattern]] that is a [[predecessor]] of itself. That is, it is a pattern that repeats itself after a fixed number of [[generation]]s (known as its [[period]]). The term is usually restricted to finite patterns that are not [[still life]]s, though still lifes may be thought of as oscillators with period 1. An oscillator is divided into a [[rotor]] and a [[stator]]. | + | An '''oscillator''' is a [[pattern]] that is a [[predecessor]] of itself. That is, it is a pattern that repeats itself after a fixed number of [[generation]]s (known as its [[period]]). The term is usually restricted to finite patterns that are not [[still life]]s, though still lifes may be thought of as oscillators with period 1. An oscillator is divided into a [[rotor]] (the individual [[cells]] that actually oscillate) and a [[stator]] (the cells which remain alive throughout its whole period). |

+ | |||

+ | [[Cellular automaton]] theory recognizes shift periodicity, which refers to a configuration reappearing in shifted form after a lapse of one or more generations. Without the shift, it is an oscillator, but if it moves it would be called a [[spaceship]]. | ||

− | |||

==Important oscillators by period== | ==Important oscillators by period== | ||

− | A list of the first-discovered oscillator of each period, as well the current smallest-known oscillator of that period, is provided here. Note that only non-trivial oscillators are considered here, in the sense that there must be at least one | + | A list of the first-discovered oscillator of each period, as well the current smallest-known oscillator of that period, is provided here. Note that only non-trivial oscillators are considered here, in the sense that there must be at least one cell that oscillates at the full period. In some cases, it is not known for certain what the first-discovered oscillator of a given period is, and in such situations all possible candidates are listed. For any period 61 or greater an oscillator can be constructed using the Herschel track method. In April, {{year|2013}} [[Mike Playle]] found a small 90-degree [[stable reflector]] that allows oscillators of all periods 43 or greater to be constructed. |

{| class="wikitable" style="margin-left:auto;margin-right:auto;" | {| class="wikitable" style="margin-left:auto;margin-right:auto;" |

## Revision as of 21:31, 28 August 2019

An **oscillator** is a pattern that is a predecessor of itself. That is, it is a pattern that repeats itself after a fixed number of generations (known as its period). The term is usually restricted to finite patterns that are not still lifes, though still lifes may be thought of as oscillators with period 1. An oscillator is divided into a rotor (the individual cells that actually oscillate) and a stator (the cells which remain alive throughout its whole period).

Cellular automaton theory recognizes shift periodicity, which refers to a configuration reappearing in shifted form after a lapse of one or more generations. Without the shift, it is an oscillator, but if it moves it would be called a spaceship.

## Important oscillators by period

A list of the first-discovered oscillator of each period, as well the current smallest-known oscillator of that period, is provided here. Note that only non-trivial oscillators are considered here, in the sense that there must be at least one cell that oscillates at the full period. In some cases, it is not known for certain what the first-discovered oscillator of a given period is, and in such situations all possible candidates are listed. For any period 61 or greater an oscillator can be constructed using the Herschel track method. In April, 2013 Mike Playle found a small 90-degree stable reflector that allows oscillators of all periods 43 or greater to be constructed.

## See also

## External links

- Oscillator at Wikipedia

- Oscillator at the Life Lexicon